Washington D. C.


http://www.wmata.com/ -D.C.'s Metro system


http://www.nps.gov/cwdw/  Washington D.C.'s  Civil War Defenses 


African American Civil War Memorial


Located in the historic Shaw neighborhood of Washington, DC, the Spirit of Freedom Plaza faces U Street NW at Vermont Avenue.

The Wall of Honor lists the names of 209,145 United States Colored Troops (USCT)
who served in the Civil War.


Battleground National Cemetery (Located in Rock Creek Park)


Established shortly after the Battle of Fort Stevens in the summer of 1864. The battle, which lasted two days (July 11 through July 12, 1864) marked the defeat of General Jubal A. Early's Confederate campaign to launch an offensive action against the poorly defended Nation's Capital. The Battle of Fort Stevens was also to gain notoriety as being the only military action in which the Commander in Chief (President Abraham Lincoln) came under direct fire from an enemy force.


Ford's Theatre NHS  CWDT


Located near the intersection of 10th and E Streets in the northwest section of the city. Open daily 9-5. 

America's transfer from civil war to peace was made more difficult on April 14, 1865, when Abraham Lincoln was shot and killed, just five days after General Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House. A well-known actor, John Wilkes Booth, desperate to aid the dying Confederacy, stepped into the president's box. Booth's decision to pull the trigger altered the nation's power to reconstruct after the war. Booth escaped into the night as Abraham Lincoln was carried to the Petersen boarding house across the street. It was there that President Lincoln died early the next morning, and became the first American president to be assassinated.


Fort Stevens  CWDT



The Park is open during daylight hours, 7 days a week

Civil War Battle took place here in 1864.


Lincoln Memorial  CWDT


Located in the National Mall

The Lincoln Memorial is a tribute to President Abraham Lincoln and the nation he fought to preserve during the Civil War (1861-1865).


National Museum of Health and Medicine  CWDT


6900 Georgia Ave., NW, Washington, D.C. 20307
See the bullet that took Abraham Lincoln's life as well as fragments of his skull and a lock of his hair.


Rock Creek Park


From downtown DC, take the Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway north to Beach Drive. Exit onto Beach Drive, north, and take it to Broad Branch Road, make a left and then a right onto Glover Road, follow the signs to the Nature Center.

Our country’s history abounds within the park. Visitors walk in the footsteps of Algonquin Indians, the Old Stone House attests to a time when Washington, D.C. was a new capital, Peirce Mill reminds us how a new technology aided the economic growth of the nation, and Civil War remnants divulge stories of unrest. Ultimately, the establishment of Rock Creek Park in 1890, “...for the benefit and enjoyment of the people of the United States” served as an inspiration for the creation of future National Parks.


U. S. Grant Monument  CWDT

US Capitol Grounds West


US Colored Troops "Spirit of Freedom" Monument

202-667-2667.  U and 10th streets, 20009.

Named the Spirit of Freedom, this monument recognizes the roles played by African Americans, both free and slave, who volunteered for service.


The White House




Tracking an Assassin

Booth's Trail to Freedom (so he thought)


I am going to cut and paste the information from this sight incase they decide to get ride of it.


After being hunted like a dog through swamps, woods, and last night being chased by gunboats till I was forced to return wet, cold, and starving ... I am here in despair. And why? For doing what Brutus was honored for -- what made Tell a hero. And yet I, for striking down the greater tyrant than they ever knew, am looked upon as a common cut-throat....I struck for my country and that alone.
diary of John Wilkes Booth, April 21, 1865.

If you want to visit buildings open to the public, it's a good idea to break up the tour into two or three days, perhaps reserving the District for the first day, Maryland for the second and Virginia for a third. Try to get detailed state and county maps. Privately-owned properties cannot be entered without the permission of the owner. Information below is partly based on material from Michael W. Kauffman and Laurie Verge of the Surratt Society.

Ford's Theatre: 511 10th St. NW. Open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily except Dec. 25. Free admission. Twenty-minute talks on the assassination are given about six times a day (call for times). 202/426-6924 (TDD: 202/426-1749).

Peterson House: 516 10th St. NW. Same hours and phone numbers as Ford's Theatre.

Surratt House and Tavern: 9118 Brandywine Rd., near the intersection of Route 223 (Woodyard Road) and Brandywine Road, Clinton. Open Thursday and Friday 11 a.m. to 3 p.m., and weekends noon to 4 p.m. Admission: $3 for adults, $2 for senior citizens, $1 for children 5-18, and free to children under 5. 301/868-1121.

Doctor Mudd House: Poplar Hill and Dr. Samuel Mudd roads, near Charles County. Open 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. Wednesdays and noon to 4 p.m. weekends. Admission $3 adults, $1 ages 17 and under. Tours of 15 or more arranged by appointment. 301/645-6870 or 301/934-8464.

Bryantown Tavern: From Dr. Mudd's, turn right onto Dr. Mudd Road and go about 1.5 miles to a right on Bryantown Road (Route 232). Go about three miles, cross Route 5 and make right onto Trotter Road. Second house on the right is Old Bryantown Tavern. Privately owned.

St. Mary's Catholic Church: On east side of Route 232, about one mile south of Bryantown Tavern.

Zekiah Swamp and Samuel Cox House: From St. Mary's Church, turn left onto Oliver's Shop Road and go about four miles to right on Route 6. After the sign for Zekiah swamp, turn left on Bel Alton-Newtown Road. Go about two miles, passing Clark's Run, then up the hill and slowly go about a half mile to search for plaque on right denoting Rich Hill or the Samuel Cox House. You won't be able to see the white frame house until driving beyond the plaque. Privately owned.

Collis House and Pine Thicket: From Rich Hill, continue on Bel Alton-Newtown Road about one mile, cross railroad tracks and make an immediate left onto Wills Street, go .2 mile to see the former Collis House, now a privately owned white frame house at 9185 Wills St. Continue on Wills until it dead-ends. To the left beyond the railroad tracks is the thicket where Booth and Herold hid.

Huckleberry: Return to main road in Bel Alton and turn left, then turn left onto Route 301 (Crain Highway). Go about 1.5 miles and turn right onto Pope Creek's Road. About a mile ahead, slow down to see Huckleberry cottage on the right at the Loyola Retreat House. To enter the retreat, you must first get permission by calling the director a week ahead at 301/870-3515.

Quesenberry House: From Huckleberry, turn right on Pope's Creek Road and continue until it ends, turning right on Edge Hill Road; go about a mile, turn right on Route 301 (Crain Highway) and go south to Governor Harry W. Nice Memorial Bridge ($1.50 toll). After crossing the Potomac, turn left at first traffic light onto Potomac Drive (Route 614).Quesenberry house is at the end of Potomac Drive at Ferry Dock Road. Privately owned by the Dahlgren Marine Works.

Cleydael: Backtrack on Potomac Drive to Route 206 (Dahlgren Road) and turn left, eventually crossing Route 301 and driving past Route 218. Go about 1.5 miles and turn left into the Cleydael new housing development, turn right at Old Peppermill Road and look for second house on right (old white frame house with a porch and black shutters). Privately owned.

Port Royal: Backtrack out of Cleydael development, turn left on 206 and go about a mile; turn left on 611 (Eden Drive) and go about two miles then turn right on 301 (James Madison Hwy.). In Port Royal turn left on Caroline Street. The Peyton House, now a dilapidated structure, is on the right corner of Caroline and King.

Bowling Green and Garrett farm: Leaving Port Royal, turn right on King, then right on Middle Street, then left on Route 301. The plaque for Garrett farm is only 2.5 miles south of Port Royal, but it's in the northbound lane of Route 301. It's best to go first to Bowling Green and double back. Continue south from Port Royal on 301 to the 301 South Business exit into Bowling Green. Turn left at traffic light onto Main Street. Go about .4 mile and stop when you see DeJarnette and Beale Insurance Agency on the left, the site of Star Hotel where Willie Jett stayed (he led cavalry to Garrett farm). Backtrack to Route 301 north toward Port Royal. Travel about nine miles, pass sign for Peumansend Creek, climb hill and carefully look for plaque on the right side designating site of Garrett farm.

© 1996 The Washington Post Co.